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“You’re punishing the wrong people. It’s that simple,” he said. “The premise is just wrong.”

Mr. Guglielmo also said that 5,000 jobs are connected directly or indirectly with the firearms industry in Connecticut, and said businesses threatening to leave or potential boycotts of Connecticut gun products as a result of the legislation would hammer the state’s economy.

“You never want to trade money for blood, but there is an economic component and I think if you don’t mention it, it’s avoiding part of the equation,” he said.

“I understand we have to do something,” he continued, offering, for example, mandatory minimum sentences for straw purchasers. “So basically, I guess, the problem is I can’t connect the dots between Adam Lanza and the good guys. So I think we need to do something, but I [just] wish we would do something that does good, not something that just feels good.”

The Newtown-based National Sports Shooting Foundation, the trade organization for the guns and ammunition industry, said in a statement that the group will be studying the law carefully for a possible court challenge.

“We share the goal of wanting to make Connecticut safer for our citizens following the unspeakable tragedy at the Sandy Hook Elementary School,” the statement reads. “In the end, however, public safety has not been enhanced and the unintended consequences of behind-closed-doors lawmaking will cause considerable confusion until the General Assembly corrects its mistakes.”

The legislature rejected a host of proposed amendments, including provisions that would carve out shotguns and shotgun shell purchases from the bill’s requirements and one that would allow a maximum ammunition capacity of 17 bullets for handguns and pistols, rather than the 10-bullet threshold in the law.

• The Associated Press contributed to this report.