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One of the few foreign policy bright spots for Mr. Obama was the agreement this month of Palestinians and Israelis for renewed peace talks. Mr. Obama encouraged both sides to resume talks during a trip to the Middle East in March.

Lawrence Korb, senior fellow at the left-leaning Center for American Progress, said the development is “not going to solve all the problems” in the Middle East and suggested that the progress is more style than substance.

“It shows [administration officials] are willing to spend some political capital,” Mr. Korb said. “Even if it doesn’t work, it undermines the narrative that we don’t care.”

Mr. Miller said the president can point to three major foreign policy accomplishments in his first term: extricating U.S. troops from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, reducing U.S. dependence on “Arab hydrocarbons,” and preventing another terrorist attack in the U.S. on the scale of 9/11 — notwithstanding the Fort Hood shootings and the Boston Marathon bombings.

“On balance, you’re dealing with a guy whose foreign policy has had no spectacular successes, other than the killing of bin Laden,” Mr. Miller said. “But it’s been pretty disciplined, with no spectacular failures, either. Given the limitations on American power and our own domestic difficulties, that’s actually not so bad.”