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Ms. Mabrouk sees a more complex reaction.

“It would take a hard heart not to have sympathy, especially since the Brotherhood did say that they were in the right in the first place, their leader was elected and he was ousted. So it’s not as if they didn’t have a point,” said Ms. Mabrouk.

“However, the country has become increasingly polarized, so the extra sympathy will come from the people who were on the fence. But there are a lot of people who will put that sympathy aside and say, ‘It is horrible. It is regrettable, but we will get through this and it was necessary.’ “

Egyptian Ambassador Mohamed M. Tawfik told CNN on Wednesday he didn’t think the Muslim Brotherhood will get much support in the aftermath of the crackdown.

“After the attacks on police stations, the attacks on churches, beheadings of policemen, I don’t think the Muslim Brotherhood will have a lot support on the Egyptian street,” he said.

The Interior Ministry said 43 policemen died in clashes Wednesday, but Egyptian sources could not corroborate Mr. Tawfik’s claims about the beheading of policemen.

The military, led by Army Chief Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, remains popular among Egyptians

“I don’t think that anyone is going to be delighted at the loss of life, but on the other hand, they are not going to hate, loathe or despise the military,” Ms. Mabrouk said.

Mr. Morsi’s ouster has served to deepen the rifts in Egyptian society, but the divisions between supporters and opponents of the former president are far from black and white. Many of Mr. Morsi’s opponents, including those who participated in the revolution that led to Mr. Mubarak’s ouster, are worried about a return to military rule.

The military-backed interim government and the Muslim Brotherhood have not been able to bridge their differences, despite international efforts that have involved the U.S. and European diplomats.

“The biggest challenge right now is: What is the incentive for the Muslim Brotherhood to participate? Why would they come to the table?” Ms. Omar said. “A lot people want to introduce laws that will not allow [the Muslim Brotherhood] to run [for political office] that will basically bury any participation [by the Muslim Brotherhood] for a long time.”