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• In April 2010, he emailed his master sergeant a photo of himself wearing a blond woman’s wig and makeup, and described his sexual conflict as “my problem.”

• That month, he also told a superior officer that the video of a helicopter ground assault looked like the one he had seen in a classified judge advocate’s Web page — a tip-off that he was accessing secret sites.

• The following month, a supervisor found him curled up in a fetal position; later that day, Manning punched a female soldier in the face.

The public record indicates that no one moved to revoke his security clearance until his arrest in May 2010, after a confidant turned him in to the FBI.

“I thought at the time that it was something that was being handled by his therapist and had I forwarded it, I was concerned that the photo would be disseminated among the staff,” Mr. Adkins, Manning’s former master sergeant, testified to explain why he did not alert superiors to the photo of Manning as a woman.

Mr. Adkins was reduced in rank for his failure.

“I don’t remember exactly why I didn’t recommend the clearance be removed specifically,” he said. “But the intent in regards to him staying in the [unit] was, I felt that his presence what he provided to us as an intelligence section was important enough to retain him.”

On April 26, Mr. Adkins wrote a memo “for the record” — but not to a superior: “SPC Manning has exhibited bizarre behavior, stopping in mid-sentence during conversations, giving blank stares when spoken to, and similar behavior, which has increased in frequency and intensity.”

Chief Warrant Officer Joshua Ehresman testified that he had witnessed Manning’s hot temper in December 2009, when another soldier was counseling him for being late.

“He got angry and he slammed his fist on the table,” Warrant Officer Ehresman said. “And he grabbed on to the table and he lifted it and put his arm under it and lifted it over and dumped the computers onto the floor.”

The Army has appointed Lt. Gen. Robert Caslen to conduct an investigation into why Manning remained an intelligence analyst.

“Appropriate action has been taken against 15 individuals identified in Lt. Gen. Caslen’s report,” Army spokesman Troy Rolan told The Washington Times. “In accordance with the Army’s long-standing policy to protect the privacy of individuals below the general officer level, specific information concerning their misconduct is not releasable.”