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Maj. Ashden Fein, the prosecutor, argued that the charge was justified because Manning gave secrets to a group of anti-secrecy activists, knowing the material would be seen by terrorists.

Manning had faced a potential maximum sentence of 90 years.

He apologized last week in a short statement during a sentencing hearing.

“I’m sorry that my actions hurt people,” he said. “I’m sorry that they hurt the United States. When I made these decisions, I believed I was going to help people, not hurt people.”

His defense attorney, David Coombs, argued that the military was partly to blame because it should have pulled Manning’s access to classified documents after a series of extreme emotional events the junior intelligence analyst experienced during his deployment in Iraq.

Manning raged at superiors, emailed photos of himself dressed as a woman and punched a female soldier in the face. But the Army, short on intelligence analysts in Iraq, needed his computer savvy and other brainpower in Iraq, witnesses said at his court-martial.