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“Eric Holder is wrong to mess with Texas,” said Attorney General Greg Abbott.

He said the Obama administration “just can’t stand an independent Texas.”

Mr. Abbott pointed to the Justice Department’s move this week to arrest a woman in Texas whom it accused of illegally voting five times in a primary last year.

“Voter fraud is very real in the state of Texas,” Mr. Abbott said.

He and other Texas Republicans said Mr. Holder’s moves were more about politics than the law.

“Facts mean little to a politicized Justice Department bent on inserting itself into the sovereign affairs of Texas and a lame-duck administration trying to turn our state blue,” said Sen. John Cornyn, who is the second-ranking Republican in the U.S. Senate.

While the Texas ID law deals with fraud at the point where voters go to the polls, Kansas and Arizona are trying to defend their state laws that require proof of citizenship at the time of registration.

Both states demand that proof on their own forms, but under federal law, the Election Assistance Commission also is allowed to distribute registration forms, and the EAC has balked at adding the proof-of-citizenship requirement.

The Supreme Court ruled this year that Arizona could not reject those EAC applications but said states can ask the EAC to include citizenship on the forms it distributes in that state.

The commission has declined requests from Arizona and Kansas, which are now suing to force action.

Congress does not have the power to tell a state it cannot require proof of citizenship, and certainly a commission created by Congress does not have that authority,” Mr. Kobach told The Washington Times.

The EAC declined to comment.

Arizona and Kansas are among a handful of states that do require proof of citizenship.

Some of the plaintiffs who took Arizona to the Supreme Court over the citizenship requirement said they were disappointed that the state is still fighting them.

“Clearly, these politicians and their supporters fear an increase in the number of eligible citizens voting,” said state Sen. Steve Gallardo.