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SIMMONS: Expectations for 2013 march as great and diverse as 1963
The expectations to honor the 50th anniversary of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom are as great and diverse as they were in 1963, when a quarter of a million people sandwiched themselves along the Mall between the Washington Monument and the Lincoln Memorial to prove that we can, should and, indeed, could all get along.
There also was a lot of what surely in the early 1960s was considered inappropriateness.
Actors James Garner and Diahann Carroll walked hand-in-hand.
United Auto Workers head Walter Reuther marched alongside Pullman porter leader A. Philip Randolph, a chief organizer of the rally.
Charlton Heston, future National Rifle Association leader, read the words of black literary giant James Baldwin. (Heston once said he supported civil rights before doing so became “fashionable” in Hollywood.)
Future D.C. Mayor Marion Barry huddled with other young activists, including future congressman John Lewis, whose prepared speech had many of the then-older guardians of the movement on edge because Mr. Lewis challenged the Washington political establishment, which was fashioning civil rights legislation after the world had witnessed the bloodied and bigoted hands of the South.
On the day of the march, the messages were many — including protests against discrimination, segregation, high unemployment rates, disenfranchisement at the ballot box, sanctioned violence against white and black Americans, among others.
Blacks and whites worshipped the same God but did so in separate houses of worship.
On Aug. 28, 1963, came two young Southerners, Mr. Lewis, reared in Alabama, and Mr. Barry of Tennessee; sisters Joyce and Dorie Ladner of Mississippi and thousands like them; clergy and entertainers from around the globe and thousands like them; and day laborers and domestic workers, and housewives and able-bodied veterans to lend their voices to a movement that had started with a simple request to end discrimination based on race.
“It was amazing to see and hear,” Mr. Barry said Wednesday as we chatted after his narrative to scores of people at the African American Civil War Memorial in Northwest.
There was a seminal moment singled out by Mr. Barry, a leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee back in the day.
“We were young and we wanted John to speak. We wanted our voices and messages to be heard,” he said. “The collective [the NAACP, the National Urban League and others] said his prepared speech was ‘not appropriate.’”
For certain, it was, as many of the members of SNCC were radicals, and their impatience for change was reflected in Mr. Lewis‘ speech, which blasted the Kennedy administration, Congress and the Justice Department.
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About the Author
Award-winning opinion writer Deborah Simmons is a senior correspondent who reports on City Hall and writes about education, culture, sports and family-related topics. Mrs. Simmons has worked at several newspapers, and since joining The Washington Times in 1985, has served as editorial-page editor and features editor and on the metro desk. She has taught copy editing at the University of ...
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