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Chemical-weapons watchdog receives Nobel Peace Prize
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OSLO (AP) — Recalling the “burning, blinding and suffocating” horrors of chemical weapons, the head of a watchdog trying to consign them to history accepted the Nobel Peace Prize on Tuesday.
Ahmet Uzumcu, director-general of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, said such toxic tools of warfare have an “especially nefarious legacy,” from the trenches of World War I to the poison gas attacks in Syria this year.
“You cannot see them. You cannot smell them. And they offer no warning for the unsuspecting,” Mr. Uzumcu said as he collected the $1.2 million award in Oslo on behalf of the group.
“And we only need to look at the fate of the survivors of such attacks — people destined to spend the rest of their lives suffering unbearable physical and psychological pain — to understand why such weapons must be banned,” he added.
The OPCW was formed to enforce a 1997 international convention outlawing chemical weapons. It worked largely out of the limelight until this year, when it received its most challenging mission to date: overseeing the destruction of Syria’s chemical weapons stockpile.
“It is, of course, a huge challenge for the OPCW to manage to destroy all these weapons under the conditions of war and chaos prevailing in the country,” Thorbjorn Jagland, Norwegian Nobel Committee chairman, said. “The anonymous inspectors from the OPCW do an extremely important and difficult job.”
Both Mr. Jagland and Mr. Uzumcu paid tribute to the late Nelson Mandela, who shared the Nobel Peace Prize with F.W. de Klerk in 1993.
Mr. Jagland called on the U.S. and Russia to speed up the elimination of their own stockpiles and urged the six countries that have not signed or ratified the chemical weapons convention — Angola, North Korea, Egypt, South Sudan, Israel and Myanmar — to do so.
When the prize was announced, some in Syria lamented that it would do nothing to end the bloodshed inflicted with conventional weapons, a point that Mr. Jagland recognized in his speech.
An Aug. 21 poison-gas attack killed hundreds of people in the Damascus suburb of Ghouta, while tens of thousands have been killed by conventional arms in fighting between Syrian President Bashar Assad’s forces and opposition fighters since the conflict began in March 2011.
“On the road to a more peaceful world, however, it is nevertheless important to combat the most monstrous weapons first, the weapons of mass destruction,” Mr. Jagland said.
The Nobel awards in medicine, physics, chemistry and literature were set to be presented in Stockholm later Tuesday.
The award ceremonies are always held on Dec. 10, the anniversary of prize founder Alfred Nobel’s death in 1896.
• Karl Ritter reported from Stockholm.
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