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Russia in the past decade spooked many businesses by nationalizing the Yukos oil company and imprisoning its chief executive, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, on tax charges. From time to time, other Western and Russian businessmen have accused the government of arbitrary and capricious acts, particularly toward those perceived as political opponents of Russian President Vladimir Putin.

“Ten years ago, our tax office was an office full of crooks,” but that is no longer the case, one official said.