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The budget compromise has come under heavy fire from conservatives, who accused House Republican leaders of trying to put a positive spin on a poor strategy that included giving up what most consider their best bargaining chip — the across-the-board “sequester” cuts — that they have had in spending showdowns with Democrats.

“It completely undermines the broader Republican push to cut spending,” said Chris Edwards, director of tax policy studies at the libertarian-leaning Cato Institute. “It seems they just wanted to clear the decks here so they can spend the next year here complaining about Obamacare before the election, which they should. But there is no reason why Republicans should not be able to talk and chew gum at the same time.”

Dan Holler, a spokesman for Heritage Action for America, questioned how Republicans planned on taking on Obamacare.

“What they have basically done with this deal is given up their best point of leverage that the Republicans and conservatives have had and in exchange for that they have increased spending by $63 billion and ensured that deficits would increase over the last three years of the Obama administration.”

Republican strategist Keith Appell also suggested the strategy was misguided and could hurt the party’s chances of winning more seats in the House and Senate next year.

“Republicans are very good at talking the talk when it comes to cutting spending. The sequester was the first time in decades where they actually walked the walk — and now they’re walking away from it,” Mr. Appell said. “This will leave them with little, if any, credibility on cutting spending. Why should anyone believe them anymore?”

With polls showing that more than six in 10 conservatives disapprove of the job Republicans are doing in Congress, he posed the question: “How does spending even more money we don’t have encourage their base to turn out in 2014?”