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“We appreciated the opportunity to share directly with the president our principles on government surveillance that we released last week, and we urge him to move aggressively on reform,” the companies said in a joint statement after the White House meeting.

Mr. Obama created a task force to conduct an internal review. That panel submitted its report to the White House last week, but spokesman Jay Carney said it cannot be made public yet.

“The report, the review group’s report, which has been completed and submitted to the president, will be released publicly. I just don’t have a date for when that will happen. I certainly expect it will be no later than January,” Mr. Carney said.

He said Mr. Obama will speak in January about the status of the program, once he has digested his panel’s findings.

Congress is rushing to fill the void, though lawmakers are moving in two directions.

Mrs. Feinstein’s committee has passed a bill she wrote that puts the NSA phone-records program on firm legal ground, though it would require the agency to do more reporting.

But some conservative Republicans and liberal Democrats have banded together to support a bill that would rewrite the Patriot Act and cancel bulk-records collection.

The chief sponsor in the Senate is President Pro Tempore Patrick J. Leahy, Vermont Democrat and chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, who has blasted the scope of the NSA program.

Mr. Reid, who appeared to side with Mrs. Feinstein and disagree with Judge Leon’s ruling, said there should be “a good public debate” on the issue, but he didn’t commit to a time frame in the Senate.