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The next year, Gorman was expected to defend her title. But when the Washington Herald selected a new Miss Washington, D.C., Atlantic City pageant officials didn’t know what new title to award Gorman. Since both titles she won in 1921 _ Inter-City Beauty, Amateur and The Most Beautiful Bathing Girl in America _ were considered somewhat awkward, it was decided to call her Miss America.

The pageant was conceived by the Businessmen’s League of Atlantic City as a way to extend the summer tourism season in Atlantic City for another week, being held the weekend after Labor Day weekend, when temperatures were generally still warm.

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Wayne Parry can be reached at http://twitter.com/WayneParryAC