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C-SPAN begins series on first ladies
NEW YORK (AP) - From Martha Washington to Michelle Obama, C-SPAN is taking a look at first ladies.
On Monday, the public service network is launching a 35-part series on first ladies that will stretch for a year. Almost all of the first ladies will get their own hour.
Executive Producer Mark Farkas says the stories are an interesting way to look at political and social history. Dolly Madison and Eleanor Roosevelt were very influential. There also have been tragic figures, like Jane Pierce, whose son was killed shortly before husband Franklin's inauguration. She didn't make an appearance as first lady for two years.
C-SPAN is working with the White House Historical Association on the series.
THIS IS A BREAKING NEWS UPDATE. Check back soon for further information. AP's earlier story is below.
Mark Farkas is used to his teenage daughters showing little interest in his work. After all, he is a producer at terminally unhip C-SPAN.
This time is different. The girls are intrigued by some of the stories Farkas is finding for the public service network's series on first ladies. The 35-episode series begins with an overview Monday, on President's Day, and ends with an hour on Michelle Obama next Feb. 10.
The series gives C-SPAN the chance to look at political and social history through a different prism, said Farkas, its executive producer. The White House Historical Association is teaming with C-SPAN to make it, after the idea came from a network historian who had been working on an oral history of White House social secretaries.
"The more digging that we did, we found that so many of these women were influential and had fascinating biographies," he said.
James Madison's wife, Dolly, set the tone for the roles played by presidential spouses and was sought after for advice by first ladies who followed her, Farkas said. He considers Madison and Eleanor Roosevelt, who held regular news conferences and called upon news organizations to send female reporters, the most influential first ladies.
All have settled on roles corresponding to their interests, up to Mrs. Obama's focus on military families and children's fitness.
Most of the women _ there's been no first man yet _ get a single hour in C-SPAN's series. In a few cases, a handful of 19th century first ladies have their stories compressed into a single hour. Anna Harrison, for example, never made it to the White House: She stayed in Ohio recovering from an illness and was packing for Washington when her husband, William Henry Harrison, died one month into his term.
The first ladies had particularly divergent roles in the nation's first century, when women did not have the right to vote. Abigail Adams was a strong writer and stood up for women, Farkas noted. Lucy Hayes was the first college-educated first lady and was considered more popular at the time than her husband, Rutherford B. Hayes. She set up the annual Easter Egg Roll, a tradition that continues today, and banned alcohol from the White House.
Franklin Pierce's wife, Jane, had the most tragic story. She never wanted her husband to run for president. Two of the couple's children died before age 5 and the lone survivor, 11-year-old Benjamin, was killed in a train accident while traveling with his parents two months before inauguration. Lucy Pierce spent most of her time in the White House residence and didn't make an official appearance as first lady until two years into her husband's term.
"Even if that hadn't happened, I'm not sure she would have been prepared for the role," said Farkas, who has also produced C-SPAN series on presidents, unsuccessful presidential candidates and the Lincoln-Douglas debates.
Each new episode premieres Monday at 9 p.m. and is also shown on C-SPAN3. C-SPAN and the White House historical group are collaborating on a website to accompany the series.
As a public service network, C-SPAN has never been about ratings. Farkas said, however, he hoped the first lady series would attract an audience beyond those who like to check up on congressional hearings.
"To me, it's sort of an untapped audience for us," he said. "My daughters might not watch all 35 of them, but they'll watch some of them."
EDITOR'S NOTE _ David Bauder can be reached at dbauder"at"ap.org or on Twitter (at)dbauder.
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