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“Chinese authorities are concerned that the Internet could turn the population against them and consequently feel a need to protect ‘China’s psychological space,’” Mr. Pillsbury stated.


The Pentagon this week identified the place in Japan where it will deploy a new high-powered missile-defense radar.

A defense official confirmed to Inside the Ring that the second X-band radar used in tracking and shooting down missiles will be located at the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Forces’ base near Kyotango. The base is about 65 miles northeast of the ancient capital of Kyoto.

The TPY-2 system uses a high-resolution, phased-array X-band radar to detect missiles shortly after launch. It can then transfer the data to missile-defense interceptor systems based on the ground or on Aegis ships carrying interceptor missiles.

The new radar was announced in September as part of efforts to increase cooperation with Japan on missile defense.

“The focus of this is to enhance our ability to defend Japan,” then-Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta said. “It’s also designed to help forward-deployed U.S. forces, and it also will be effective in protecting the U.S. homeland from the North Korean ballistic missile threat.”

North Korea denounced the radar plan, saying it would escalate tensions.

Unmentioned by Mr. Panetta at the time is the radar’s utility in countering China’s growing missile threat.

China, through its official think tanks, criticized the new X-band radar as promoting Japanese aggressiveness.

Adding a second X-band radar in Japan will increase regional missile-defense coverage over large areas of the western Pacific by overlapping radar beams from another U.S. radar in Japan. It also will relieve missile-shooting Aegis ships from having to provide radar coverage.

China recently stepped up missile deployments along the coast near the Senkaku islands, a defense official said. The uninhabited islands are the center of a major dispute between Tokyo and Beijing as they sit atop large undersea oil and gas deposits.

Tensions were heightened earlier this month when a Chinese warship used a targeting radar to illuminate a Japanese coast guard ship.

The first radar is on the Shariki Air Self Defense Force base in northern Japan.


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