Correction: Europe-Science Bonanza story

BRUSSELS (AP) - In a story Jan. 28 about a European Union science award, The Associated Press reported erroneously that (EURO)1 billion euros was equivalent to $1.34 million. The correct conversion is that (EURO)1 billion euros equals $1.34 billion.

A corrected version of the story is below:

2 science projects win up to $1.3 billion each

European projects to model human brain, explore graphene win up to (EURO)1 B ($1.34 billion) each

By DON MELVIN

Associated Press

BRUSSELS (AP) _ Two European science projects _ one to map the intricacies of the human brain, the other to explore the extraordinary carbon-based material graphene _ won an EU technology contest Monday, getting up to (EURO)1 billion ($1.34 billion) each over the next decade.

The projects were selected from 26 proposals.

“European’s position as a knowledge superpower depends on thinking the unthinkable and exploiting the best ideas,” European Commission Vice President Neelie Kroes said in a statement. “This multi-billion competition rewards home-grown scientific breakthroughs and shows that when we are ambitious we can develop the best research in Europe.”

The Human Brain Project will use supercomputers 1,000 times more powerful than those today to create the most detailed model ever of the human brain. Then the project plans to simulate the effects of drugs and treatments on the brain, for a better understanding of neurological diseases and related ailments.

In addition, the increased knowledge about how the brain works _ and how it manages billions of processing units and trillions of synapses while consuming no more power than a light bulb _may lead to “a paradigm shift for computing,” the European Commission, the European Union’s executive branch, said in a statement.

“The economic and industrial impact of such a shift is potentially enormous,” the commission said.

The leader of the project, Henry Markram, a professor of neuroscience at the Ecole Polytechnique Federale of Lausanne in Switzerland, said earlier this month that it could not be undertaken without this kind of funding.

“The pharmaceutical industry won’t do this, computing companies won’t do this _ there’s too much fundamental science,” Markram said. “This is one project which absolutely needs public funding.”

The other project will investigate the possible uses of graphene, the thinnest known material, which conducts electricity far better than copper, is perhaps 300 times stronger than steel and has unique optical properties. A sheet of it is one atom thick; scientists call it the first known two-dimensional material.

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