Mom’s iPhone code of conduct goes viral

NEW YORK — Janell Burley Hofmann honored her 13-year-old son’s “maturity and growth” at Christmas with his first iPhone, but it came with strings attached.

Eighteen strings, to be exact, in a written code of conduct that placed the mommy blogger at the center of the debate over how parents should handle technology in the hands of their teens, especially younger ones just entering the frenetic world of social networks and smartphones.

Thousands of people, including those bemoaning too much helicopter parenting, commented and shared the funny, heartfelt agreement posted by the Cape Cod, Mass., mother of five. The interest crashed her website and led her to appear with her eldest, Gregory, on morning TV.

Mrs. Hofmann’s first order of business: “1. It is my phone. I bought it. I pay for it. I am loaning it to you. Aren’t I the greatest?”

She included caveats that some parenting and tech addiction experts consider crucial in easing new entrants onto Facebook, Instagram and shiny new mobile devices:

You must share passwords with a parent, answer their calls, hand over said device early on school nights and a little later on weekends. You must avoid hurtful texts and porn and pay for a replacement if your phone “falls into the toilet, smashes on the ground, or vanishes into thin air.” Of the latter Ms. Hofmann advises her teen, “Mow a lawn, stash some birthday money. It will happen, you should be prepared.”

Mrs. Hofmann said she decided on the contract as she pondered the power of the technology she and her husband were about to plop into their son’s world. She was looking for a way to be present in his phone use without being a “creeper,” his word for stalky, spying parents.

She wasn’t surprised that her list, which Greg agreed to, resonates with other parents. It also resonates with psychologist David Greenfield, a technology addiction specialist in West Hartford, Conn.

“We have ritualized the gift of the smartphone,” he said, yet many parents don’t have the know-how, stomach, time or interest to actively guide their children when they first jump into digital life. For some parents, he said, it’s only when things go horribly wrong that attention is paid.

He knows of parents who have gone as far as jamming all Internet and cellphone signals at home when they couldn’t get their children to power down. Police in Rocklin, Calif., said two girls, ages 15 and 16, used a prescription sleeping medication recently to spike the milkshakes of one’s parents so they could log onto the Internet after 10 p.m.

Mr. Greenfield recommends contracts like Mrs. Hofmann‘s, if parents follow through. Others use apps and monitoring software. He thinks that’s fine, too.

There’s little data broken down by age on the number of Internet users whose lives are negatively impacted by smartphones, tablets, laptops and other technology, Mr. Greenfield said. In the general population, studies range from 1 percent to 10 percent of users whose digital habits interfere with their lives. Mr. Greenfield estimates the reality is somewhere between 2 percent and 6 percent.

Mrs. Hofmann was looking for a way to open the conversation with her son. Many other parents are, obviously, concerned as well about what their teens are doing online, but also what is being done to them.

In a recent report from the Pew Internet & American Life Project, 81 percent of parents with online teens said they are concerned about how much information advertisers can learn about their children’s behavior, and 72 percent said they are concerned about how they interact online with people they don’t know.

Nearly 70 percent said they are concerned about how their children manage their reputations online, and 57 percent of children ages 12 and 13 said they are very concerned about it.

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