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In Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Mr. Obama said his administration’s commitment to Egypt is not toward a personality or a party, but the democratic process.

“What is clear right now is that although Mr. Morsi was elected democratically, there’s more work to be done to create the conditions in which everybody feels that their voices are heard, and that the government is responsive and truly representative,” Mr. Obama said alongside Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete in the State House in Dar es Salaam.

“But I do think that if the situation is going to resolve itself for the benefit of Egypt over the long term, then all the parties there have to step back from maximalist positions. Democracies don’t work when everybody says it’s the other person’s fault and I want 100 percent of what I want.”

The largely peaceful protests have been marred over the past week by the deaths of 16 people, including Andrew Pochter, an American from Chevy Chase, Md., and by sexual assaults on women.

Mr. Obama expressed concern about the attacks on women.

“Assaulting women does not qualify as peaceful protests,” he said.