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“But as we’ve made clear for a long time, we’ve got continuing concerns about the activities of Chinese entities in supplying equipment and technology and in facilitating the supply, and what in our view is inadequate Chinese enforcement and implementation of their export controls, of their international commitments, as regards getting these entities under their control,” Mr. Van Diepen said.

China has put rules in place to restrict arms proliferation, “but there are clearly implementation and enforcement issues,” he added.

Mr. Van Diepen said the Obama administration is encouraging the Chinese to enforce arms exports controls, but “it’s also no secret that we’ve imposed sanctions on these entities because of their proliferation-related activities.”

“We’re not where we need to be” in terms of stemming Chinese arms proliferation, he said.

As reported in this column June 27, a U.N. panel of specialists concluded last month that the missile launcher transfers from China were a “deliberate violation” of an end-user agreement. China claimed the launchers were sold as chassis for lumber trucks, an explanation that proliferation specialists dispute.

The Chinese company so far has not been sanctioned.

A U.S. law known as the 2006 Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act requires that the State Department impose sanctions on entities that make a “material contribution to WMD or cruise or ballistic missile systems” in those states.


China this week showed off a new air-to-air missile loaded inside the weapons bay of the People’s Liberation Army J-20 stealth fighter jet.

State-controlled media published several photos of the new jet with its bomb-bay door open and showing a new long-range, air-to-air missile.

Richard Fisher, who analyzes the Chinese military for the International Assessment and Strategy Center, said the disclosure highlights a significant new military capability. The missile is larger than China’s PL-12 air-to-air missile that is comparable to the U.S. AIM-120 advanced air-launched missiles. The weapons hold for the J-20 also appears twice as large as that of the U.S. F-22 Raptor.

“The new AAM, when launched at supercruise speeds, likely confers a very long range, potentially exceeding [93 miles],” Mr. Fisher said.

“In revealing this new air-to-air missile, China is signaling that its new J-20 stealth fighter will challenge the United States in the ‘beyond visual range’ or BVR air battle the United States has for decades sought to dominate,” he said.

“This is double bad news for the Air Force, as it highlights the administration’s February 2012 decision to cancel its next generation air-to-air missile, creating greater risk for the F-22 air superiority fighter fleet made dangerously small by the administration’s 2009 decision to end production at 187 fighters,” he added. “This missile could also make the J-20 a greater threat to the Air Force’s next-generation bomber.”