Continued from page 1

Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, Kentucky Republican, bristled at accusations that the deal only delays an inevitable showdown on filibusters.

“I congratulate you for your best efforts to try to snatch defeat from the jaws of victory,” Mr. McConnell told reporters. “You can pick at it if you want to, but I think it was an important moment for the Senate.”

Already, though, signs of the next fight were brewing.

While this week’s fight was over executive branch nominees, the White House and interest groups have warned that they believe Republicans are trying to block the president’s judicial picks as well.

Mr. Obama has teed up three nominees to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, which is viewed as the second-most important court in the country because it handles appeals from major regulatory agencies, including the NLRB.

Indeed, that was the same court that ruled Mr. Obama violated the Constitution with his recess appointments to the NLRB.

Republicans say the move to add the three judges to the court is retaliation for that decision, and they have vowed to block the nominations, saying the panel already has enough judges to handle its caseload.

Mr. Reid, who helped pioneer filibusters against appellate court nominees when President George W. Bush was in office, has said he doesn’t intend to change those rules — though some members of his caucus are pushing for him to do so.

In a statement Tuesday evening, Mr. Obama praised his former Senate colleagues for working out a deal and said he wanted senators to build on the bipartisanship.

“In the weeks ahead, I hope the Congress will build on this spirit of cooperation to advance other urgent middle-class priorities, including the need to take action to pass commonsense immigration reform and keep interest rates on student loans low for families trying to afford a higher education,” he said.