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The provisions would make it easier to transfer detainees to U.S. detention centers, or to foreign nations if they are unlikely to re-engage in terrorist activity. It also provides for the temporary transfer of detainees to Defense Department medical facilities ” to prevent death or significant imminent harm.”

But lawmakers in the Republican-led House on Tuesday, on a 247-175 vote, defeated an amendment from Rep. James P. Moran, Virginia Democrat, that would have permitted the release or transfer of Guantanamo detainees to the U.S. or foreign nations if the secretary of defense signed off on certain conditions.

In a policy statement, the White House condemned a section of the House defense spending bill that would prohibit the modification or creation of a facility in the United States to house the detainees — a provision that Mr. Moran had tried to strip from the bill.

“The U.S. should not stand for indefinite detention,” a spokeswoman for Mr. Moran said Thursday. “It’s un-American and against our founding principle of justice.”