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Embassy Row: Church and state issues in Romania
Twenty members of Congress are accusing Romania of refusing to return massive amounts of church property that communists confiscated from the country's Jewish and ethnic-Hungarian communities.
However, the Romanian Embassy in Washington insists that the government in Bucharest is doing its best in a "complex situation" to provide restitution or compensation for more than 4,000 church buildings and other religious property taken by the communist government after World War II and held until the collapse the Marxist-Leninist state in 1989.
Thirteen Republican and seven Democratic House members wrote Secretary of State John F. Kerry in mid-June to urge him to pressure Romania into dealing with the claims of Christians and Jewish leaders who are trying to reclaim churches, schools, hospitals, orphanages and other property.
They called on the State Department to "vigorously engage the Romanian government to end the travesty of justice which it has perpetuated by failing to fully restitute properties illegally confiscated from religions denominations after 1945." They noted that Congress passed a resolution in 2005 that demanded that Romania settle claims by religious communities for the return of their stolen property.
"Nearly eight years have passed since that resolution, and the fall of communism was over two decades ago," they said.
The Romanian Embassy released a statement from the Romanian government to justify its efforts to deal with the religious claims.
"Romania is firmly committed to a solution that would completely restore, where possible, the original property rights, including those of religious denominations," said the statement, which was provided to Embassy Row.
Romanian law allows restitution of property or fair-market compensation, the government said.
"The issue of religious properties restitution to the Hungarian minority in Romania is part of the bilateral dialogue between Romania and Hungary," the government said.
The signers of the congressional letter include Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, Florida Republican, former chairwoman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee and now head of the Middle East and North Africa subcommittee; and by Rep. Christopher H. Smith, New Jersey Republican and co-chairman of the congressional Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.
Sacrifice and progress
The Afghan ambassador honored U.S. troops who have fought and died defending his homeland from Taliban terrorists, as he sent greetings to the American people on the Fourth of July.
Ambassador Eklil Hakimi also noted the progress Afghan soldiers are making as they take over the fighting with U.S. and NATO troops preparing to leave the country next year.
"It has been a historic year in U.S.-Afghan relations, most recently culminating with Afghans completely in the lead of our own security in cooperation with international support," he said. "After a decade united against extremism and filled with sacrifice and steady progress, our countries now enter into the next decade ever stronger in our mutual pursuit of peace and prosperity.
"On this occasion, we honor and respect those in uniform serving in Afghanistan and to the American people for their continued support."
More than 3,200 coalition troops have been killed since 2001, when the U.S.-led force overthrew the Taliban government for supporting Osama bin Laden and his al Qaeda terrorist network. More than 2,200 of those deaths were Americans.
•Embassy Row is published on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. James Morrison can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org or @EmbassyRow.
© Copyright 2013 The Washington Times, LLC. Click here for reprint permission.
About the Author
James Morrison joined the The Washington Times in 1983 as a local reporter covering Alexandria, Va. A year later, he was assigned to open a Times bureau in Canada. From 1987 to 1989, Mr. Morrison was The Washington Times reporter in London, covering Britain, Western Europe and NATO issues. After returning to Washington, he served as an assistant foreign editor ...
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