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Some Egypt analysts have reacted skeptically on whether the military’s intervention will lead to a democratic transition in Egypt.

“It’s possible for a military coup to advance democratic development, but it’s rare, and the bar is pretty high,” Tamara Cofman Wittes, a senior researcher at the Brookings Institution, said Thursday in a analysis column.

“The burden is heavy now on the Egyptian military to demonstrate that the new transitional authority can and will govern in a transparent, restrained manner, and move the country swiftly back to democratic rule,” wrote Mrs. Wittes, director of Brooking’s Saban Center for Middle East Policy.

Gen. el-Sissi’s road map includes the suspension of the Islamist-drafted constitution and the establishment of a civilian Cabinet of technocrats to run Egypt until presidential elections are held.

President Obama issued a statement saying U.S. officials “are deeply concerned by the decision of the Egyptian Armed Forces to remove President Morsy and suspend the Egyptian constitution.”

“I now call on the Egyptian military to move quickly and responsibly to return full authority back to a democratically elected civilian government as soon as possible through an inclusive and transparent process, and to avoid any arbitrary arrests of President Morsy and his supporters,” the statement said.

U.S. officials have so far not used the word “coup” to describe Mr. Morsi’s ouster, since the United States’ annual $1.5 billion aid to Egypt would have to be halted in the case of a military coup.

“I have also directed the relevant departments and agencies to review the implications under U.S. law for our assistance to the Government of Egypt,” Mr. Obama said.

Mrs. Wittes said that language is a warning to the Egyptian military.

“The law should be swiftly invoked in the Egyptian case, and used to hold the Egyptian military accountable for swift progress on their transition roadmap,” she said.