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The numbers have been released at a time when the immigration issue is dominating Capitol Hill.

The Senate passed an immigration bill to legalize illegal immigrants and even to let some previously deported illegal immigrants apply to come back into the U.S. under the same terms. But prospects for getting a similar bill out of the House and striking a final compromise are increasingly dim.

On Monday, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, Nevada Democrat, demanded that the House take and pass the Senate bill as is, but House Speaker John A. Boehner, Ohio Republican, laughed off that suggestion, saying the Senate bill puts illegal immigrants ahead of security.

“I’ve made it clear, and I’ll make it clear again: The House does not intend to take up the Senate bill,” Mr. Boehner said. “The American people expect that we’ll have strong border security in place before we begin the process of legalizing and fixing our legal immigration system.”

The Obama administration contends it has enough funding to deport about 400,000 people each year, and Mr. Obama said his agents should focus on deporting those with the most serious criminal histories or other priority categories. ICE issued several memos making most rank-and-file illegal immigrants exempt from deportation.

The most famous of those memos was issued last year and carved out so-called Dreamers, the young adults who arrived in the U.S. as children. The administration said Dreamers should not be deported and should be given work permits.

Groups that want a crackdown argue that the administration is artificially boosting its deportation statistics and say the real number being deported from the interior of the U.S. is much lower.

But immigrant rights groups say the figures show the administration is deporting many people without criminal records, which contradicts what the administration says is its position.

According to ICE statistics, the administration had deported 110,937 people who didn’t have criminal records between Oct. 1 and June 1, which comprise the first eight months of fiscal 2013.

In a statement, ICE said it is trying to balance its goals.

“U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement is focused on sensible, effective immigration enforcement that prioritizes the removal of criminal aliens and egregious immigration law violators,” an agency spokeswoman said.

The administration also argues that many of those it is deporting without criminal records still meet its other “priority” categories, which include fugitives who are ignoring deportation orders or repeatedly break immigration laws.