The so-called Arab Spring hasn't brought about the intended changes many had hoped for. Instead of democracy, a greater voice and influence for the general populace and improved living conditions, there has often been economic stagnation and fragmentation of political power and sometimes control by political extremists or the military that has resulted in chaos, repression and indecision.
I am not hopeful that the protests going on in Turkey will result in positive improvements.
KENNETH L. ZIMMERMAN
Huntington Beach, Calif.
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