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“If we don’t make some changes and ensure an open, public process, millions of dollars will continue to be wasted without any significant progress being made,” Mr. Bishop said. “A new commission and a new design competition is the right way forward as we work toward developing a fitting tribute to the legacy of one of our nation’s greatest leaders.”

Mr. Gehry’s name was first suggested in 2001 during the memorial commission’s first meeting. David Eisenhower, grandson of the late president and a member of the commission from 2001, had played a central role in selecting Mr. Gehry as the lead architect. But he resigned in December 2011 after Eisenhower family members rejected the design.

Despite having to listen to criticism of his design, Mr. Gehry said that he respected the Eisenhower family and could sympathize with their concerns.

“I can imagine if it was my family and I had to make those choices, I’d be a pain in the ass,” he said after the meeting. “Once it gets built, I hope they will understand the amount of love and attention put into it.”