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The awards cap a somewhat grim financial season on Broadway, during which the total box office take was flat and the number of ticket buyers slipped 6 percent. Both numbers were blamed in part on Superstorm Sandy, but high ticket prices and the lack of long-term audience growth has many worried.

“We can’t see to increase the size of the pie,” Mr. Haimes said. “It’s counterintuitive to me because tourism is up and all other indicators that you would think would be positive for theater, like hotel occupancy and restaurant occupancy, are up, and yet we can’t see to increase the Broadway audience.”

Among the theater professionals honored Sunday, playwright and activist Larry Kramer will get a special Tony for his work battling AIDS, and New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg will be recognized with a Tony for Excellence in the Theater, a nod to his embrace of tourism and the Broadway community.

A total of 46 new shows opened during the season, which began in May 2012 and ended May 26: 15 musicals, 26 plays, and five special events or concerts. The number of plays produced this season set a new record.

Shows that came and went this season quickly include “Orphans,” ”The Testament of Mary,” ”Hands on a Hardbody,” ”The Anarchist,” ”Scandalous,” ”Jekyll & Hyde” and “The Performers.”

The season may have been rocky, but newcomers “Rodgers + Hammerstein’s Cinderella,” ”Kinky Boots,” ”Lucky Guy,” ”Matilda the Musical” and “Motown: The Musical” have been big hits, regularly topping $1 million at the box office each week.

• Frazier Moore and Jocelyn Noveck contributed to this article.