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In the case of Hezbollah’s al-Manar television, which is available in English and Abrabic, it’s federal law that prohibits U.S. companies from doing business with them. Still, vaultnetworks.com, out of Miami, Florida is one of the servers – along with a server in the United Kingdom - hosting al-Manar television, according to MEMRI, which provided a DNS lookup and trace of the Web address.

Last year, al-Manar was using a server in the Netherlands and United Kingdom when it was notified by MEMRI. The Hezbollah site was immediately removed from servers in the Netherlands, but it is still using a server in the United Kingdom, MEMRI says.

Less than a month after being kicked out of the Netherlands, Hezbollah moved its television website to the server in the United States.

“We traced Hezbollah’s al-Manar to the server in Florida and notified the company (vaultnetworks.com) of that,” MEMRI’s Stalinsky said. “Nothing has been done to remove it.”

U.S. Department of Treasury spokesman John Sullivan said U.S. companies cannot enter into any financial dealings with al-Manar and ”if these companies are involved in financial transactions with al-Manar or other designated terrorist entities, they could be subject to enforcement action.”

Executives at vaultnetworks.com did not return numerous messages to their office phones and emails seeking comment.

Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, R-Fla., the chairwoman of the House Middle East and North Africa Subcommittee, whose district encompasses Miami, told the Washington Guardian that Hezbollah’s al-Manar television is part of the terror network, and the Treasury Department’s designation of individuals associated with the organization as “specially designated nationals” makes it illegal to conduct business with the group.

“This terrorist organization is a direct threat to the safety of our friend and ally, the democratic Jewish State of Israel, and to U.S. national security interests,” she said. “It is illegal for any person or entity in the U.S. to provide material support or resources to these groups or individuals. If true that a company is providing such aid, it must be held accountable for its actions in full accordance and application to U.S. law.”

MEMRI is a non-profit founded in 1998 by a former Israeli counterterrorism adviser. The group says its mission is to “explores the Middle East and South Asia through their media.” Its website says the group provides translations and anaysis and “MEMRI’s work directly supports fighting the U.S. War on Terror.”

Stalinsky said his organization has also “tracked the increased use of Twitter by terrorists over the past year to well over 1,000 users, where there had been none before.”

Poe and six other House members have written to FBI Director Robert Mueller complaining about the use of Twitter by groups formally designated as terrorists, and asking the agency to formally ask Twitter to do something about it.

Twitter maintains that it will take down any account requested by the FBI,” the lawmakers wrote. “However, as of the writing of this letter, the FBI has not made a single request to Twitter to take an account down.”

The letter praises YouTube and Facebook for pro-active policies to remove terrorist or extremist pages. But as soon as Facebook removes a Hezbollah Facebook page, a clone crops up within hours, Stalinsky said.

When the Washington Guardian contacted WhatsApp, no one from the company responded to the emails or calls. Stalinsky said MEMRI received no return calls when it contacted the company, whose CEO, Jan Koum, touted his company’s growing base of 200 million users – more than Twitter- at a conference in April.

Alix Levine, the owner of the security firm WEBehavior LLC and the director of research for Cronus Global, said the case of recently deceased Tamerlan Tsarnaev and his 19-year-old brother, Dzhokhar, accused of the Boston Marathon bombing, provides an example of how deadly online extremism can be.

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