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Israel fears the Palestinians now will seek membership in international agencies to promote an anti-Israel agenda. Its biggest concern is that the Palestinians will try to join the International Criminal Court and try to press war crimes charges against Israel.

Israel‘s chief peace negotiator, Tzipi Livni, said Thursday in a message directed mainly at hard-liners in her own country that Israel must push forward with peace efforts.

“The Palestinian issue isn’t something that will disappear, and it is not an issue where someone can say, ‘There are more worrying things, so let’s not deal with it,’” she told Israel Radio.

“I still think that the freeze of the past four years is bad,” she said, speaking in Hebrew. “As time elapses, the ability to ignite the negotiations gets more problematic. The price that Israel pays both in the short and long term are higher. And therefore the freeze does not serve those that want to reach an agreement.”

Mrs. Livni said the Israeli-Palestinian standoff only serves those who believe in mantras such as “here we are holding on to the land; here we built another house; here we prevented an agreement.”

“This isn’t me, and I don’t believe it represents the mainstream or the basic position of the Israeli public,” she said. “And I believe I represent the Israeli national and security interests in the long term.”

Mr. Kerry’s plan remains opaque, even to officials in the Obama administration.

One element clearly will focus on improving the Palestinian economy by spurring private investment. He also recently persuaded the 22-member Arab League to renew a decade-old peace offer to Israel, with new incentives aimed at making it more attractive to Israel.

But he has yet to wrest any clear overture from the Israelis.

• Associated Press writer Ian Deitch in Jerusalem contributed to this article.