Malaysia’s long-ruling coalition retains its power

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KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia (AP) — Malaysia‘s long-governing coalition won national elections Sunday to extend its 56 years of unbroken rule, fending off the strongest opposition it has ever faced but exposing vulnerabilities in the process.

The Election Commission reported that Prime Minister Najib Razak’s National Front coalition captured 127 of Malaysia‘s 222 parliamentary seats to win a majority Sunday. Opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim’s three-party alliance seized 77 seats, and other races were too close to call.

It was the National Front’s 13th consecutive victory in general elections since independence from Britain in 1957. It faced its most unified challenge ever from an opposition that hoped to capitalize on allegations of arrogance, abuse of public funds and racial discrimination against the government.

Mr. Najib urged all Malaysians to accept his coalition’s victory. “We have to show to the world that we are a mature democracy,” he said.

“Despite the extent of the swing against us, (the National Front) did not fall,” he said in a nationally televised news conference.

Mr. Anwar signaled the opposition might dispute the results, saying “irregularities” cost his alliance numerous seats with narrow margins. Within minutes of the National Front’s declaration of victory, thousands of Malaysian opposition supporters replaced their Facebook profile photos with black boxes in a coordinated sign of dismay.

The Election Commission estimated more than 10 million voted for a record turnout of 80 percent of 13 million registered voters. They were also voting to fill vacancies in 12 of Malaysia‘s 13 state legislatures.

Though it retained power, the National Front is weaker than it was at its peak in 2004, when it won 90 percent of Parliament’s seats, and about the same as it was a month before the vote, when it held 135 seats. Its hopes were dashed of regaining the two-thirds legislative majority that it held for years but lost in 2008.

Three well-known Cabinet ministers and at least one state chief minister were likely to lose their parliamentary seats. The Malaysian Chinese Association, the second-biggest party in the ruling coalition, saw many of its candidates defeated as Malaysia‘s ethnic Chinese minority community continued to abandon the National Front.

Among the major differences between the National Front and Mr. Anwar’s alliance are coalition affirmative-action policies that benefit the majority but often poor Malay population. Malay leaders in the National Front say those policies are still needed to help poorer Malays, but opposition critics say that they’ve been abused to benefit mainly well-connected Malays and that all underprivileged Malaysians should get help regardless of race.

“I am really fed up,” said Andrew Charles, a Malaysian businessman working in Australia who flew home to vote for the opposition in a suburb outside Kuala Lumpur. “There are more abuses in the system, and there is no equality among the races. After 56 years, it is time to give others a chance to change this country.”

Others saw the National Front as the path of stability.

“The government has made some mistakes, but the prime minister has made changes, and I believe they (the National Front) will do their best to take care of the people’s welfare,” said Mohamed Rafiq Idris, a car-business owner who waited in a long line at a central Selangor state voting center with his wife and son.

Some voters lined up for more than an hour at schools and other polling places, showing off fingers marked with ink to prevent multiple voting after they had finished.

Mr. Najib said one of his priorities would be a “national reconciliation” plan to ease what he called a worrying trend of political polarization. He did not give details but noted that ethnic Chinese, who make up about a quarter of Malaysia‘s population, turned away from the National Front in what he called a “Chinese tsunami.”

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