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Israeli businessman Amos Yudan, one of the members of Mr. Netanyahu’s delegation, said he was not privy to any of the political discussions that took place during the trip, but he said China is a major target for Israeli businesses. China is especially interested in Israeli technology in agriculture and medical equipment.

“Generally speaking, Israel today is doing a lot of efforts to try to increase commercial activities,” Mr. Yudan said. “I think the visit of the prime minister was important because they laid out basic agreements.”

Last week, Mr. Netanyahu hosted Meng Jianzhu, a senior Chinese official, in Jerusalem. His office said the visit “was a sign of the rapidly improving relations” between Israel and China. “The prime minister added that there were very many areas in which the two countries could cooperate and noted that Israel would be very pleased to do so,” it said.