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Tribal dispute puts Alaska village in limbo
Question of the Day
ANCHORAGE, Alaska (AP) — The flood-prone village of Newtok near Alaska’s storm-battered coast is running out of time as coastal erosion creeps ever closer to the Yup’ik Eskimo community.
As residents wait for a new village to be built on higher ground nine miles away, a dispute over who is in charge has led to a rare intervention by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, which ruled that the sitting tribal council no longer represents the community of 350 as far as the agency is concerned.
Council leaders are appealing the BIA’s decision, which gave the funding-administrative power to a new group that claims it is the rightfully elected council.
Until the matter is resolved, millions of dollars in government funds for the relocation effort have been halted, as nature’s relentless erosion continues, oblivious to who is in charge.
“Who’s suffering here is the community members,” said Scott Ruby, director of the state agency that administers the relocation grants.
Newtok is one of Alaska’s most eroded coastal villages and the only one that has begun a physical move, with the raging Ninglick River steadily inching toward homes. Officials estimate that Newtok, 480 miles west of Anchorage, has until the end of the decade before erosion causes severe damage.
Government funds have been used over the past seven years to build six homes, a barge landing, roads and five storage structures at the site of the new village. Now those structures sit as reminders that a community’s dreams of a rebirth are still unrealized.
“We’re just falling way back,” said Stanley Tom, a longtime tribal administrator who is part of the group whose authority is no longer recognized.
In its ruling, the BIA said required elections were purportedly not held for more than seven years, so the old council had been operating on expired terms. The old council denies the allegations.
The new council members were first elected in October 2012. The following month, members of the old council held another election. The resulting dispute reached a boiling point in June when the new council got more votes during a community meeting attended by both sides.
That victory carried significant weight in the BIA’s decision, which said its decision applies to such purposes as bureau funding.
Members of the new council have not responded to requests from The Associated Press for comment.
The state, which is not bound by the BIA decision, has been sitting on $6.5 million in reimbursable grant funds for the relocation effort, including proceeding with building out an evacuation center at the new location, called Mertarvik.
Any payout has been delayed by the dispute and failure of the new faction to establish an official bank account until recently. The state expects to soon issue to the new council $51,000 in revenue sharing funds that should have been distributed last summer.
Relocation funds probably won’t be disbursed until next spring at the earliest.
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