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“We are a little protected,” Col. Yackley said, but the installation has to look for savings in other ways. At both Shaw and Fort Jackson, grass isn’t cut as diligently and repairs to buildings are made only in emergencies.

Fort Campbell has undertaken similar steps, stopping reunions for former soldiers and health and informational sessions for soldiers and their families.

“If we could do without it, we did,” Mr. Jenkins said.

Along with maintenance and training delays, some soldiers are being put to new tasks while not deployed.

Capt. J. Stephen Donaldson, company commander of 551st Military Police at Fort Campbell, is teaching soldiers who recently returned from deployment how to handle post security. Capt. Donaldson’s job entails taking 72 soldiers from the infantry and supply and teaching them how to use pepper spray and work security at the entrance gates to the post. The soldiers will work security on a six-month rotation.

The soldiers will fill in for two platoons from the 716th MP Battalion deployed overseas. With two more platoons headed out soon, the extra hands are needed to avoid hiring private contractors.

For the soldiers, shuffling training schedules and cutbacks are difficult, but nothing they say they can’t handle.

“It sucks, but you do what you need to do,” Spc. Chris Allen said after returning to Fort Campbell in October from six months in Afghanistan.

• Associated Press reporter Julie Watson in San Diego contributed to this report. Brett Barrouquere reported from Fort Campbell and Louisville, Ky. Susanne M. Schafer reported from Columbia and Shaw Air Force Base.