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One reporter asked if the failure to respond to the intruding aircraft revealed China is a “paper tiger,” or weakling, Mr. Qin said:

“The term ‘paper tiger’ has a special connotation. You might want to check it out and see who Chairman Mao Zedong was referring to when he mentioned ‘paper tiger.’”

The communist founder of China called all “reactionaries” by that term and once said the Soviet Union was a paper tiger for appeasing the United States.


China’s development of space warfare capabilities is continuing. The U.S. government recently translated a technical paper published earlier this month that reveals Beijing’s research on “space countermeasures,” the military term for kinetic anti-satellite missiles, electronic jamming and laser attacks that can destroy, cripple or electronically blind satellites in orbit.

“Space warfare will become an important combat measure in future wars, and how strong or weak space electronic countermeasures capabilities are will be a key factor in seizing electromagnetic superiority and information superiority, and from there seizing the initiative in war,” the Nov. 18 report said.

The goal of space weapons is to control “the high ground” in a future high-tech war, states the report, “Research on Space Countermeasures System,” which appeared in the military-journal, Aerospace Electronic Warfare.

Space countermeasures being developed by the Chinese military include “soft-kill” weapons like electronic jamming and network attack that can be reversed. Space warfare also will employ cyberattacks on networks that would allow Chinese space warriors to “generate deceptive jamming signals carrying viruses, logic bombs, and other information weapons.”

Hard-kill attacks would destroy space systems. They include kinetic energy anti-satellite missiles, and directed energy anti-satellite beam weapons.

Air Force Gen. William Shelton, commander of the Air Force Space Command, discussed the threat from space weapons in a video released by the Pentagon on Wednesday.

Gen. Shelton, without mentioning China, said the United States is aware of nations that are building space warfare capabilities to take away U.S. strategic advantages in space.

The weapons include “anything from jamming of GPS signals, to satellite communications, to lasers that would dazzle our electro-optical sensors, all the way up through somebody doing something as silly as putting a nuclear weapon up in space and detonating it,” Gen. Shelton said.

A nuclear detonation in space would cause widespread physical damage over large areas and also would produce an electromagnetic pulse that would disrupt satellite electronics and potentially electronics on the ground.

A report by the U.S. China Economic and Security Review Commission said China is developing an array of space weaponry with the goal of destroying or disrupting “all enemy space vehicles above Chinese territory.”

The weaponry includes systems that can attack satellites with ground-launched missiles or anti-satellite satellites; lasers and electronic jammers for GPS satellites; orbiting missiles; plasma attacks on low-orbiting satellites and directed energy or beam weapons.

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