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But as it stands, under the two laws, “abortion is going to really spread in California,” Mr. Johnston said.

The clinic law will affect issues such as the width of entrances and hallways, and size of treatment rooms, noted Ron Prentice, executive director of the California Family Council. Both laws threaten to minimize the seriousness of the abortion procedure, and “place women at greater surgical risk,” he said.

With 522 abortion providers, California has one of the highest abortion rates in the nation, with 27.6 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 in 2008, the Guttmacher Institute said. Only four states — Delaware, New York, New Jersey and Maryland — and the District have higher abortion rates.