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Sen. Mark R. Warner, Virginia Democrat, is contributing his salary to the Federal Employee Education and Assistance Fund, a nonprofit organization devoted to helping civilian federal and postal employees.

Rep. K. Michael Conaway, Texas Republican, plans to send his pay to the Treasury, while Rep. Bill Johnson, Ohio Republican, is opting for a charity.

“I refuse to profit from the stupidity and muleheaded culture of modern-day Washington, D.C.,” Mr. Johnson said.

The stalemate also has opened up Congress to criticism from elected leaders in the states, including Virginia Attorney General Kenneth T. Cuccinelli II, the GOP gubernatorial candidate who is calling on lawmakers to decline their pay during the shutdown.

“Only in Washington would members of Congress be rewarded for shutting down the government with their full paycheck,” he said.