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Witnesses and relatives said that total of 18 male laborers with no links to militant groups died, according to Amnesty. Pakistani intelligence officials at the time identified the dead as suspected militants.

Contrary to the information outlined in the report, the Pakistani government said Wednesday that there were no civilian casualties in 2012. The government said 21 civilians were killed in 2008, nine in 2009, two in 2010 and 35 in 2011. No civilians have been killed so far in 2013, the Defense Ministry said.

Amnesty did not immediately respond to a request for comment on the government data.

The government also said “terrorist” attacks have killed 12,404 people and wounded 26,881 others since 2002, although these figures were disputed by some of the members of the Senate. The government has been battling an insurgency by the Pakistani Taliban, who seek to topple the country’s democratic system and impose Islamic law. It was not clear if the figure involved only attacks on civilians or also included attacks on security forces.

A roadside bomb killed five soldiers and wounded three others Wednesday in the South Waziristan tribal area, the Pakistani Taliban’s main sanctuary before the army conducted a large ground offensive in 2009, said military officials. The officials spoke on condition of anonymity in line with military policy.

Also Wednesday, a bomb exploded in a market in southwestern Pakistan, killing two people and wounding at least 20 others, police official Ahmad Raza said. The attack occurred in Quetta, the capital of Baluchistan province, which is home to both Islamic militants and separatists who have waged a low-level insurgency against the government for decades.

• Associated Press writer Abdul Sattar contributed to this report from Quetta.