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Mr. Netanyahu said Israel hoped the plan would lead to the “complete destruction” of Syria’s chemical weapons arsenal and would push the world to stop Iran from nuclear weapons armament. But Israeli Intelligence Minister Yuval Steinitz told Army Radio that the agreement’s deadline was not speedy enough, and that Mr. Assad could try to hide weapons.

Mr. Kerry, speaking to reporters in Jerusalem after meeting with Mr. Netanyahu, said the threat of U.S. force remains if Syria doesn’t comply with the agreement. “Make no mistake: We’ve taken no options off the table,” Mr. Kerry said.

Warning Iran

In the ABC interview, Mr. Obama warned that Iran should not misinterpret the proposed diplomatic deal on Syria as U.S. reluctance to take military action on Tehran’s nuclear weapons program.

“I think what the Iranians understand is that the nuclear issue is a far larger issue for us than the chemical weapons issue,” he said. “What they should draw from this lesson is that there is the potential of resolving these issues diplomatically.”

Mr. Obama said he has exchanged letters with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani. “I think this new president is not going to suddenly make it easy,” he said. “But you know, my view is that if you have both a credible threat of force, combined with a rigorous diplomatic effort, that, in fact … you can strike a deal.”

China, Syria’s other main ally, welcomed the U.S.-Russian agreement Sunday.

“We believe the framework agreement will ease the current tense situation that may be triggered at any moment in Syria and creates new prospects for resolving the chemical weapon issue in Syria through peaceful means,” said Foreign Minister Wang Yi in Beijing. China and Russia have consistently blocked resolutions at the U.N. Security Council aimed at sanctioning Mr. Assad’s regime.

Lawmakers weigh in

Critics in Congress expressed the concern that Mr. Putin and Mr. Assad now would stall on complying with the agreement and block any U.N. sanctions.

“I think it’s a loser, because I think it gave Russia a position in the Middle East which they haven’t had since 1970,” Mr. McCain said. “We are now depending on the good will of the Russian people if Bashar Assad violates this agreement. And I am of the firm belief, given his record, that is a very, very big gamble.”

Mr. Rogers said the Russian leader “is playing chess, and we’re playing tick-tack-toe.”

“This is a Russian plan for Russian interests. They got exactly what they wanted,” he said.

Asked by ABC’s George Stephanopoulos whether he was being “played” by Mr. Putin, who has thwarted several of the administration’s foreign policy objectives, Mr. Obama replied, “I welcome him being involved. I welcome him saying, ‘I will take responsibility for pushing my client, the Assad regime, to deal with these chemical weapons.’”

“Mr. Putin and I have strong disagreements on a whole range of issues, but I can talk to him,” Mr. Obama said. “This is not the Cold War. This is not a contest between the United States and Russia.”

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