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Mr. Faily said his government categorically rejects military support for the Assad regime and called on the United States to help Iraq build an integrated air-defense system that could prevent Iraqi airspace from being used to funnel arms to Syria.

Mr. Faily said his government does not see a military solution as an option to end the 2½-year-old civil war in Syria, which the United Nations estimates has claimed more than 100,000 lives.

“Dialogue has to be the tool forward,” he said. “The current discourse of trying to have a quick military operation will not work. What is the day-after scenario? That is a question I have been asking here. I haven’t heard the right answer yet.”