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Questions remain about whether any concussion assessment tool truly works. Systems such as ImPACT have been criticized for unreliability, and athletes including the Denver Broncos’ Peyton Manning have admitted to sandbagging baseline testing in order to keep themselves on the field.

Still, Alberts and his team believe the C3 system represents another step toward better management of head injuries.

“The way I look at it, the iPad or these consumer electronic devices really provide a great platform for delivery,” he said. “I think we need to do more science with it. There are still lots of questions there. But hopefully our next phase is to be rolling it out.”