- Associated Press - Sunday, September 29, 2013

JERUSALEM (AP) — Mortified that the world may be warming up to Iran, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is taking an unpopular message to the White House and the United Nations this week: Don’t be fooled by Tehran’s new leadership.

Mr. Netanyahu contends that Iran is using conciliatory gestures as a smoke screen to conceal an unabated march toward a nuclear bomb.

He will deliver those strong words of caution — and fresh intelligence — in an attempt to persuade the U.S. to maintain tough economic sanctions and not allow the Islamic republic to develop a bomb or even move closer to becoming a nuclear threshold state.


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With the White House cautiously optimistic about its dialogue with Iran, Monday’s meeting between Mr. Netanyahu and President Obama could be tense.

“I will tell the truth in the face of the sweet talk and the onslaught of smiles,” Mr. Netanyahu said before boarding his flight to the United States on Sunday. “Telling the truth today is vital for the security and peace of the world, and, of course, it is vital for the security of the state of Israel.”

Israeli leaders watched with great dismay what they derisively call the “smiley campaign” by Iran’s new president, Hassan Rouhani, last week. Mr. Rouhani delivered a conciliatory speech at the United Nations in which he repeated Iran’s official position that it has no intention of building a nuclear weapon and declared his readiness for new negotiations with the West.


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Capping off the visit, Mr. Rouhani and Mr. Obama held a 15-minute phone call as the Iranian leader was traveling to the airport. By the end of the call, the first conversation between the nation’s leaders in 34 years, Mr. Obama was suggesting that a breakthrough on the nuclear issue could portend even deeper ties between the U.S. and Iran. U.S. and European diplomats hailed a “very significant shift” in Iran’s attitude and tone.

For Mr. Netanyahu, such sentiments are nothing short of a nightmare. For years he has warned that Iran is steadily marching toward development of nuclear weapons, an assessment that is widely shared by the West because of Iran’s continued enrichment of uranium and its repeated run-ins with international nuclear inspectors.

The Israeli prime minister contends that Mr. Rouhani’s outreach is a ploy to ease international sanctions and buy time. Iran says its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes only.

Israel considers a nuclear-armed Iran an unacceptable threat, given repeated Iranian assertions that the Jewish state should not exist. Israel has a long list of other grievances against Iran, citing its support for hostile Arab militant groups, its development of long-range missiles and alleged Iranian involvement in attacks on Israeli targets in Europe and Asia.

On Sunday, Israel announced the arrest of a Belgian-Iranian businessman on espionage charges.

Mr. Netanyahu says the new Iranian leader must be judged on his actions, not his kind words. In the meantime, he says sanctions and other international pressure, including the threat of military action, must be increased. He has likened Iran to North Korea, which used the guise of international negotiations to secretly develop a nuclear weapon.

Mr. Netanyahu appears to enjoy widespread domestic support for his tough approach. Israel’s Channel 10 TV released the results of a poll Sunday night showing that 78 percent of respondents don’t believe Iran wants to resolve the nuclear problem. Fifty-nine percent said they do not think the U.S. will reach an agreement with Iran, while just 29 percent said they expect a resolution. The station did not say how many people were questioned or provide a margin of error.

Zalman Shoval, a former Israeli ambassador to the U.S. who now serves as an adviser to Mr. Netanyahu, said the prime minister would present MR. Obama with “some very hard facts” based on intelligence showing that Iranian behavior has not changed.

Similarly, in his speech at the U.N., Mr. Netanyahu “will make it very clear that Israel and the world at large should continue to be on guard,” Mr. Shoval said.

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