- Associated Press - Friday, April 11, 2014

Sunday, April 13

On this date in 1820, Thomas Gardner, one of the earliest pioneers in Santa Cruz County, was born.

On this date in 1877, the first Desert Land entry was made by William A. Hancock at Florence.

On this date in 1892, Charles D. Poston filed a claim on land which he called “Hole-in-the-Rock.” The land was set aside as the Papago Saguaro National Monument in 1914 and in 1930, became Papago Park.

On this date in 1905, the Arizona Dam on the Salt River was washed out.

On this date in 1917, the town of Florence turned on its first electric street lights.

Monday, April 14

On this date in 1919, 2nd Lt. Frank Luke Jr. of Phoenix was posthumously awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for gallantry in action beyond the call of duty.

On this date in 1920, delegates to the district meeting of the State Women’s Clubs in Phoenix exchanged heated words over the required medical examinations of students in public schools. Some called the requirements “un-American.”

On this date in 1927, the first passenger train of the Southern Pacific of Mexico Railroad left Nogales for Guadalajara.

On this date in 1928, Mexican and American firefighters in Nogales joined efforts to save the famous Nogales Brewery, but the building was completely destroyed by the fire.

Tuesday, April 15

On this date in 1859, Camp Colorado was established on the Colorado River as a base for California bound immigrants. One week later the name was changed to Fort Mohave. It was abandoned in 1861 and regarrisoned by troops from California on May 19, 1863.

On this date in 1893, an advertisement in the Mohave County Miner offered “loaded dice, perfect work and weight & cannot be detected by outsider. Guaranteed to win. Also the finest marked cards made.”

On this date in 1911, President William Howard Taft announced he would veto the joint resolution of Congress providing statehood for Arizona because the proposed state constitution allowed for the recall of judges.

On this date in 1915, state offices were closed in the Salt River Valley as thousands gathered to witness the first spillage of water over Roosevelt Dam.

On this date in 1928, Arizona Pioneers’ Historical Society and the Southern Pacific Railroad erected a stone shaft over the graves of Union soldiers who were killed in the skirmish with Confederate forces at Picacho Pass on April 15, 1862.

Wednesday, April 16

On this date in 1915, melting snow in the White Mountains caused floods which took out two dams on the Little Colorado River near St. Johns. Eight people drowned and the reported property damage was $500,000.

Thursday, April 17

On this date in 1911, Sarah Bernhardt performed at the Tucson Opera House.

On this date in 1894, the business district of Jerome, then the largest mining camp in Arizona, was completely destroyed by fire.

On this date in 1913, an air blast, generated by the fall of 3 million tons of capping in the Miami mine, killed seven miners. The blast blew ore cars up to 100 feet.

On this date in 1930, 17 stills, 2,000 gallons of mash and 40 gallons of whiskey were confiscated by Greenlee County officers.

On this date in 1931, a government order was issued for the extinction of the wild horse herds in the Coconino National Forest.

Friday, April 18

On this date in 1924, the Chiricahua National Monument was established.

On this date in 1924, 1,600 motorists were stranded at points of entrance to Arizona because of the embargo on all vehicular traffic due to a hoof and mouth quarantine. The occupants of 115 cars at Needles threatened to overpower Arizona border guards, and Governor Hunt ordered the National Guard readied for duty.

On this date in 1931, construction began on an Army Airways Operations Building at Fly Field in Yuma.

Saturday, April 19

On this date in 1859, Fort Mojave was established.

On this date in 1884, Henry Chee Dodge was appointed head Chief of the Navajo Tribe by Agent Riordan.

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