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The litigation followed a 2012 agreement for MetLife to pay $40 million to settle investigations by several states into whether the company held on to money it knew should have been paid to beneficiaries.

The settlement was part of a broader look by regulators into how life insurance companies used the Social Security Administration’s death index.

During a recent congressional hearing, Ms. Burwell mentioned her time at MetLife in passing when the subject of privacy and the death master file surfaced.

“I was a former member of the MetLife board,” she said. “I have some familiarity with the death master.”

Staff on the Senate Budget Committee declined to respond to requests by The Washington Times for a copy of Ms. Burwell’s OMB nomination questionnaire, so it’s unclear whether she disclosed — or was even asked to disclose — information about any pending lawsuits she faced last year as part of her confirmation.

Ms. Burwell reported receiving $300,000 from her part-time work as a board member at MetLife from 2012 through February 2013, according to a government ethics filing.

The Times reported Tuesday that Ms. Burwell received about $1.2 million in salary, bonuses and deferred compensation through her job as a corporate vice president at Wal-Mart, which hired her to run the company’s charitable foundation.