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Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer, a Republican, vetoed bills Tuesday that would have held local lawmakers personally liable for approving gun ordinances that are more restrictive than the state’s, and allowed permit holders to bring firearms in public buildings and events without metal detectors and security.

Former astronaut Mark Kelly, co-founder of Americans for Responsible Solutions with his wife, former Rep. Gabriel Giffords, praised the vetoes and called the measures “misguided bills that would have made our communities less safe.”

Gun control groups dubbed the Georgia bill “guns everywhere.” Americans for Responsible Solutions called it “the most extreme gun bill in America.”

In his statement, Mr. Deal said about 500,000 Georgia residents, or 5 percent of the population, hold firearms permits. The law will “protect the constitutional rights of Georgians who have gone through a background check to legally obtain a Georgia Weapons Carry License,” he said.

At the signing ceremony Wednesday in Ellijay, House Speaker David Ralston won big applause from gun rights supporters with an implicit but widely understood ridiculing of words Mr. Obama said at a 2008 California fundraiser: “This is the apple capital of Georgia. And, yes, it’s a community where we cling to our religion and our guns.”