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The president, in an interview Friday, said he is not worried about the Republicans’ effort.

“I don’t think that’s very serious,” Mr. Obama told CNN’s Jake Tapper. “It’s a tough argument for the other side to make that not only are they willing [to] not do anything, but they also want me not to do anything.”

Ms. Conway, president of the inc./Woman Trend polling company, said the president is continuing to provoke conservative voters.

“It’s much easier to enrage and engage voters from the party out of power if you insist on running an imperial presidency,” Ms. Conway said. “You’ve pledged publicly in your State of the Union to ignore Congress, and therefore the Constitution, if you get the chance.”

The president’s aides point out that he has issued executive orders less than nearly all of his modern predecessors. Mr. Obama issued 147 executive orders in his first term, fewer than George W. Bush (173), Bill Clinton (200) and Ronald Reagan (213) in their first terms.

Ms. Lake said she doubts Mr. Obama’s actions will have the unintended consequence of motivating Republican voters.

“It has no downside, because I can’t imagine Republicans more fired up over anything than they already are over Obamacare,” she said. “They have worked themselves into a frenzy over that.”

‘Write a big fat check’

While the president has been vowing to work without Congress whenever possible, first lady Michelle Obama was telling wealthy donors to give heavily to Democratic candidates because the president cannot move on his agenda without Congress.

At a fundraiser in a tony Los Angeles neighborhood, Mrs. Obama told about 200 supporters that her husband needs Democrats to pick up seats in Congress this year to move forward on issues such as fair wages and college affordability.

“Let’s be clear: Barack cannot do this alone sitting by himself in the Oval Office,” Mrs. Obama said. “It’s simply not enough to elect Barack Obama president if we don’t also elect leaders in Congress and in our statehouses who will work with him to keep making the change we all believe in.”

The Los Angeles fundraiser was hosted Wednesday by television producer Phil Rosenthal, creator of “Everybody Loves Raymond,” and his wife, actress Monica Horan.

Among the champagne-sipping guests at their home in the gated Hancock Park community were Barbra Streisand, actor James Brolin and Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti. Ticket prices ranged from $1,000 to $32,400.

Mrs. Obama told donors that it is crucial for Democrats to win back control of the House and to hold on to the Senate in the midterm elections.

“What I want all of you to think about for just a minute is what could happen if we lose those six [Senate] seats,” she said, adding that it could mean the repeal of the Affordable Care Act, interference with a woman’s ability to obtain contraception, the banning of same-sex marriage, and the cutting-off of unemployment insurance.

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