- Associated Press - Thursday, February 20, 2014

DURHAM, N.C. (AP) - Although Tom Ferguson doesn’t consider himself a real techie, he does try to keep up with the changing times.

So starting Friday, he’ll start accepting bitcoins, a virtual currency, as payment for doughnuts, biscuits and other items at his South Durham eatery Rise. He also plans to accept the virtual currency at his catering company Durham Catering Co.

According to the website www.coinmap.org, Ferguson will be the first in Durham to accept bitcoins.

“(I) want to be one of the ones that makes this money revolution start happening,” Ferguson said. “If nobody was accepting bitcoin, it wouldn’t take off.”

Launched in 2009, bitcoins are a form of virtual currency that’s not regulated or backed by the government. Advocates say it helps eliminate the middle man in transactions such as money transfers and can cuts costs for retailers facing credit card processing and other payment fees. Skeptics say that because the currency is unregulated, it’s a platform for black market deals and a risky investment for consumers.

Campbell R. Harvey, a professor of finance at Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business, said the value of bitcoins is highly volatile - 10 times more volatile than the stock market. Last week, its value plunged on a major Tokyo-based exchange called Mt. Gox. It was trading on Mt. Gox for an average of $314 on Monday afternoon, and for more than $625 on another.

However, Harvey also said that because of the way that the virtual currency system is set up, the Bitcoin technology is highly secure, and is an efficient form of payment. He said it’s set up so that there’s essentially a “giant ledger” of every transaction. People can trade bitcoins, or add to the supply by “mining” for them, which involves unlocking new transactions using advanced computing.

“We know immediately the entire history of that bitcoin from the time it was first mined,” Harvey said. “It’s secure . you can’t spend the same bitcoin twice, you can’t counterfeit it.”

And while he said there are companies launching that are acting as third-parties to help with processing bitcoin payments and other services, he believes it’s still a more efficient payment method. He expects its use to grow, although he said it’s been “relatively slow” to catch on compared with New York and larger cities.

“What I told my students is, you could view this as . on one side, it’s not really backed by anything other than the faith of people who think it has some value,” he said. “It could go to zero tomorrow. The other way to view it is: this is a potentially very disruptive innovation that solves an important problem that makes exchange of ownership more efficient, more secure, easy to verify.”

Greg W. Brown, a finance professor at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill’s Kenan-Flagler Business School, said he believes it has advantages for retailers who want to avoid paying fees for credit cards and money transfers. But he also said that because it’s unregulated, it can create the potential for black-market transactions.

“If all of a sudden you wake up one day, and the whole thing was a sham, and the Bitcoin market collapses — which my guess is, you probably will — you’re out what you put it in,” he said. “It seems shady to me. I’d rather deal with a regulated U.S. bank, and the full faith and credit of the U.S. government, rather than trust some anonymous hacker.”

Another independently owned doughnut business in Durham, Monuts Donuts, doesn’t plan on accepting bitcoins anytime soon, according to co-founder Rob Gillespie. As a small business, he said, “we find that U.S. dollars work just fine.”

Processing Bitcoin transactions in the store would slow down customer-service time, he said.

At Rise, Ferguson said customers will be able to pay with the virtual currency easily by scanning a code at the store using a software application on their smartphones. And he’ll save on processing costs associated with credit card fees.

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