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The White House said last week that it won’t put any major entitlement changes on the table when Mr. Obama submits his budget to Congress next week.

Indeed, the president is withdrawing his offer from last year to cut Social Security cost-of-living increases — a sign that he is finished trying to negotiate with Republicans on debt and deficits.

His budget will promote another round of stimulus spending that he hopes will improve the stagnant job numbers.

“What the president is saying in his budget — we need to get America back to work,” Sen. Richard J. Durbin, Illinois Democrat, said on “Fox News Sunday.”

But Republicans said Mr. Obama’s plan to increase spending in an effort to reduce unemployment is misguided when the country is facing a large and growing debt burden.

“It’s really disappointing that the president hasn’t stepped up really to lead this effort of a grand deal,” said Sen. Kelly Ayotte, New Hampshire Republican.

She dismissed reports describing the president’s budget as a call for an “end to the age of austerity.”

“Since the president has been in office, we’ve added $6 trillion more to the debt,” she said. “There hasn’t been an ‘age of austerity.’”