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Meanwhile, many Egyptians have voiced concerns about the government’s transitional road map and the detentions of secular demonstrators.

“The youth are unhappy about the authoritarian turn of events, unhappy because of the increasing crackdown by the security forces and moves by the government to limit demonstrations and public opinion,” Mr. Gerges said. “They will not turn out to vote in a presidential election.”

It was not clear whether Mr. el-Beblawi will retain his post in a caretaker capacity, but local media reported Monday that he didn’t plan to step down but rather reshuffle his government.

Some say the government should have made more progress.

“I am disappointed by el-Beblawi government’s weak performance,” said Amir Hassan, 25, an engineer in Cairo. “We thought he would have a plan to attract investment and create more jobs, but after almost eight months, what we see is more strikes from the government employees, learning in the universities has almost stopped because of the students’ protests, and extremists are expanding their activities in Sinai and in the major cities.”

Others were more forgiving.

“Hazem el-Beblawi's government operated in extremely difficult conditions with almost no resources. Also, the Muslim Brotherhood has done everything possible to make this government’s job very difficult,” said Mahmoud Habib, 43, who works in retail in Cairo.

“I think the government resignation means that it is a responsible government that understands very well that it did not meet the people’s expectations and it is time to give the floor to someone else.”

This article is based in part on wire service reports.