WASHINGTON — The Senate easily confirmed longtime Sen. Max Baucus on Thursday to become ambassador to China, handing the job to a lawmaker well-versed in U.S. trade policy but with little expertise about military and other issues that have caused tensions in recent years with Beijing.
Senators gave final approval to the nomination of the moderate Baucus, D-Mont., by a 96-0 margin. Baucus, trim and youthful looking for his 72 years, accepted colleagues’ congratulations before and during the roll call and voted “present” for his own nomination.
Chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, Baucus has worked with Republicans during his 35 years in the Senate on issues ranging from taxes to health care reform - an independent streak that at times has vexed his Democratic colleagues.
He also helped write President Barack Obama’s health care overhaul, which was enacted in 2010. Congress approved that measure solely with Democratic votes after Baucus spent months trying to craft a bipartisan version with Senate Republicans.
“His passion is well-known to all of us, his decades of experience here in Congress. He’s an excellent choice that President Obama made to represent America’s interests in China,” said Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev.
Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, who has served many years with Baucus on the Finance panel, lauded the Montanan for “his willingness to put partisan differences aside for the greater good of all.”
In 2001, Baucus championed China’s inclusion in the World Trade Organization, which governs trade rules between nations, helping Beijing conduct business with other countries. He has sponsored legislation - not enacted - punishing China for undervaluing its currency and has criticized Beijing for blocking U.S. imports of beef, a big business in his Western state.
Until Obama picked him for the Beijing post, Baucus‘ Senate seat had seemed likely to go Republican in November’s congressional elections. That would bolster the GOP’s chances of gaining the six seats they will need to capture control of the chamber.
But with Baucus‘ departure, Democratic Montana Gov. Steve Bullock will name a temporary replacement, perhaps Democratic Lt. Gov. John Walsh, who is seeking the seat. That could give an appointee time to build a Senate record and gain visibility to defend the seat against the expected GOP candidate, Rep. Steve Daines.
China’s economy is second in size only to that of the United States. The two countries have a deep economic relationship that some American officials worry leaves the U.S. too vulnerable.
While China is the United States’ second largest trading partner after Canada, the U.S. trade deficit with China hit $318 billion last year, far larger than it is with any other country. And the $1.3 trillion in Treasury securities owned by China make it the largest foreign holder of U.S. debt.