- - Thursday, January 2, 2014

One of Obamacare’s worst mandates, one that threatens to undermine our religious freedoms, has run into a small, determined band of Catholic nuns.

As key parts of President Obama’s health care program went into effect Wednesday, a surprising Supreme Court order delayed a provision that would force religious groups to provide birth-control procedures in their health insurance plans.

In a David versus Goliath legal battle, Justice Sonia Sotomayor issued the stay late Tuesday in response to a plea from the Little Sisters of the Poor, a nonprofit order of nuns in Colorado, which provides charitable services to low-income and indigent, elderly people.

Their complaint: The law’s mandate violates one of their most deeply held religious beliefs, one that opposes artificial forms of birth control and abortion procedures and thus is an attack on their religious freedom.

That mandate forces most employers to provide health care plans that will fully pay for drugs and procedures that include birth-control pills, the morning-after pill to end pregnancy, and surgical procedures such as tubal ligation.

The nuns were not the only group seeking protection from Mr. Obama’s assault on religious freedom. Justice Sotomayor’s delay applied to more than 200 religious, faith-based groups that have health insurance provided by the Christian Brothers Employee Benefit Trust, a company that follows Catholic teachings on birth control.

This is the latest development in a growing controversy over the mandates and regulations that will force religious groups to offer birth-control services, which they consider a sin against their faith, or else pay heavy fines for refusing to do so.

Religious orders like the Little Sisters of the Poor are not the only ones affected. It also extends to colleges and universities, parochial schools, hospitals, nursing homes and other health care and social welfare organizations run by or associated with a church.

The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution states: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.” This is what’s at stake in this widening battle over a health care mandate that thumbs its nose at fundamental religious beliefs.

Earlier this week, Archbishop Joseph Kurtz, who heads the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, complained in a letter to Mr. Obama that while some interest groups have won reprieves of one sort or another from the law, those whose religious liberties are threatened have not. Mr. Obama’s law “harshly and disproportionately penalizes those seeking to offer life-affirming health coverage in accord with the teachings of their faith,” Archbishop Kurtz wrote.

The Obama administration tried to end the controversy by offering a compromise that would let women employed by nonprofit religious organizations receive coverage that was not paid for by their employer. More than 45 religious groups, Catholic dioceses and prominent educational institutions, such as the University of Notre Dame, flatly rejected that approach and sued.

Mark L. Rienzi, senior attorney for the Becket Fund for Religious Liberty, who is representing the Sisters of the Poor, explained that the nuns would have to sign a paper requesting that their insurance, not their employer, pay for any and all birth-control benefits to avoid substantial fines.

“At the end of the day, they can’t be involved in certain things, and one of them is signing forms authorizing permission slips for those kinds of drugs,” Mr. Rienzi told The Washington Post.

In a statement Wednesday that expressed their fears that they may be forced to end their charity work, the nuns said: “We hope and pray that we will receive a favorable outcome in order to continue to serve the elderly of all faiths with the same community support and religious freedom that we have always appreciated.”

How this case will turn out is unclear, but the high court will hear arguments in two other cases on the same subject, probably in March.

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