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Some Obama administration officials have hinted that the president’s race may play a role.

Mr. Turley said he doesn’t believe Mr. Obama has tyrannical impulses or that he’s intentionally trying to subvert the founders’ vision of separation of powers.

He said blame should be spread across all three branches of government: a White House eager to ignore rules in order to get things done, a Congress too weak and riven with partisan divisions to assert itself against presidents of either party and judges who are unwilling to play the role of referees the founders envisioned.

Mr. Turley said he expects the lower courts to duck the fight, ruling Congress doesn’t have standing to sue since lawmakers aren’t suffering an actual injury as the court sees it.

But he urged the House to continue to press, with the Supreme Court likely to eventually get involved, where he hoped the justices would oppose Mr. Obama and reaffirm what he said the founders envisioned.

“It is tempting to embrace rule by a single person who offers to govern alone to get things done. However, this is the very siren’s call that our founders warned us to resist,” he said. “We remain a nation of laws, and we have a court system designed to resolve such controversies.”